People show an increasing tendency towards having their own wind turbines for generating their particular electricity and also for reducing their contribution to environmental problems arising from carbon based sources of energy.
Wind turbines along with their operation
A wind turbine is really a machine that can convert the kinetic energy of the wind into electrical energy. Blowing wind rotates the blades from the turbine and the mechanism inside it can generate electricity upon this rotation. Wind turbines have mainly 2 types. Horizontal axis and vertical axis wind turbines. Both of them have advantages and disadvantages but horizontal axis ones tend to be more common due to higher efficiency.
Individual wind turbines
Individual turbines can be utilized for a number of purposes which range from supplying energy for a few small electrical devices where grid connection is not really possible to meeting area of the energy need for a house, a farm or even a production facility. Individual generation systems can be standalone or grid connected. The energy output from a standalone Small Wind Generator can be directly used. However, in grid connected systems excess electricity produced can be supplied towards the national grid system. In Ireland, you will possess possiblity to be paid for the surplus electricity you supply towards the grid as much as 500kW. Individual wind turbines can range from as small as 50W to as large as 3 MW, depending on their function of use.
Individual wind turbines for domestic use
Unlike large industrial wind turbines, these turbines have smaller dimensions that make them suitable for using in relatively smaller areas. Their capacities range from as small as 50 watts to as much as 50 kilowatts as well as their prices vary depending on their sizes, types and manufacturers.
What you can do for installing a tiny wind generation system?
* First of all you need to decide whether you actually need a little scale wind turbine for your energy needs. Sometimes just saving some energy can lower your bills however, if the basis for considering a little turbine will be in off-grid areas you can go to another steps.
* Inspect your site or maybe your building (for rooftop turbines) to see whether it be right for installing a wind turbine. You ought to have enough space to put in a turbine minus the wind being blocked by other buildings or obstacles.
* Determine your power needs. Your utility bills will most likely be your best references.
* Check if the spot you may install your turbine is windy enough. You can always find wind measurement data in wind energy associations’ websites for your area.
* Depending on your power requirement and also the wind potential in your area, decide the capacity and type in the turbine you will require.
* Your small scale wind product is expected to get a ROI period of maximum fifteen years. Economic lifetime of a small wind turbine without changing the main elements is estimated to be about two decades and proper maintenance increases this. However, maintenance needs of small wind turbines are required to get minimal.
* Get any permits required in your town.
* You will probably need a contractor for erection, assembly, electrical connections of the wind turbine. However, if your turbine is micro scale, you can do these jobs by yourself as well. You can find domestic scale wind turbines and also 400W or 1 kW self installed turbines and accessories on windturbines.ie.
Individual wind turbines for industrial uses, i.e. factory sites
Turbines for industrial uses have capacities between 500kW to 3 MW. It is possible to produce electricity for wind speeds between 3 m/s and 25 m/s. For times that the wind is not blowing, one can get electricity from your grid. This will lead to additional revenue as well as your reduced energy bills.
Steps towards a wind turbine installation in your factory site:
The steps that needs to be designed for installing a commercial scale wind turbine are approximately the same as those for installing a domestic turbine. The sole difference is that they require more expertise. So it might be a good idea to take a turnkey service from an expert company in order to not experience any problems. The stages for a turbine installation are outlined below:
* Wind Measurement: When your annual electricity generation depends mainly on wind speed, this method is of vital importance in order to forecast your energy production. You can never know what you should generate without knowing everything you have in hand.
* Feasibility studies: This is an in depth study to let you know rskxmv your proposed system is a feasible project or otherwise not.
* Grid connection studies: This method assesses grid connection possibilities for your proposed wind turbine.
* Permission: Planning and installing of your wind turbine will require some permits on planning stage and during installation. Failure to obtain these permits may bring about legal enforcement.
* Project budget planning: What you will need to spend to your wind turbine project from beginning to the final is an important item in every kind of planning for business.
* Procurement, commissioning and installation: All of your equipment and staff needs to get a turnkey project.
* Post-sales services: Issues like warranty, technical service, and maintenance.